Schafer et al (2014) evaluated 12 children with essentially normal hearing. The children were ages 6 to 11 years, and presented with a multitude of disorders including auditory processing disorders (APD), listening problems, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), autism spectrum disorder (ASD), language disorders, intellectual disability, and specific language impairment (SLI).


All children were fitted with bilateral FM receivers and small, open domes. Real-ear fitting and verification was carried out in accordance with Academy recommended procedures using desired sensation level (DSL) and some modifications (detailed in the article).

In essence, the study supports fitting these children using the Academy FM System real-ear fitting protocol to assure an appropriate FM system fitting for children with normal hearing. “The children in this study showed substantially better speech recognition and comprehension when using the FM system…” and they reported listening comfort while listening in a background of noise.

For More Information, References, and Recommendations
Hall JW, Johnston KN, John AB, Kreisman NV, Crandell CC. (2010) Multiple Benefits of Phonak Edulink Use By Children With Auditory processing Disorder (APD).
Johnston KN, John AB, Kreisman NV, Hall JW, Crandell CC. (2009) Multiple benefits of Personal FM System Use By Children With Auditory Processing Disorder (APD). International Journal of Audiology 48:371-383.
Kuk F. (2011) Hearing Aids For Children with Auditory Processing Disorders? Seminars in Hearing 32(2):189-195.
Schafer EC, Traber J, Layden P, Amin A, Sanders K, Bryant D, Baldus N. (2014) Use of Wireless Technology for Children with Auditory Processing Disorders, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, and Language Disorders. Seminars in Hearing 35(3):193-205.